The Bradbury Family

My family was linked to people with Bradbury ancestry by the Family Finder DNA.

They seem to originate in the Bay Roberts area.

Here are some links I found helpful……

Nice writeup on origins in Bay Roberts and family dispersing:

his early tree here:


maybe unrelated:

17 Nov. 1705 John Bradbury John Bradbury, a gunner of Fort William who was in the fort during the siege of 1705. Bradbury appears to accuse Moody of plundering the stores of the St. John’s inhabitants. Also, it appears that Bradbury maintains that the French never attacked the fort but instead sent parties of 2 or 3 to come close to it but never exchanged shots. Note: More information [See also CO 194/24, 17v in Reel B-215

12 Sept. 1706 John Bradbury Swears that he tried to “cannonade” the house where Subercase stayed but was stopped by Moody. More details of the events that took place in the garrison during the French siege. Sworn in the presence of J. Underdown. [See also CO194/3, 444]

Independent Companies. (1705 the regiment in Newfoundland)


This man wears the uniform of the Gunner of the ‘train of artillery’ in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, 1700-1716.

Independent companies were used to guard places that were not important enough to warrant a regiment.

Before the birth of the Royal Regiment of Artillery in 1722, British guns were crewed by a ‘train of artillery’. Trains were raised at the beginning of each new campaign by the Board of Ordnance. The Ordnance department (which dated back to the 15th century) was a separate government department from the Army, and provided all British artillery and military engineers until 1855. The garrisons of British forts in Newfoundland and Nova Sotia included detachments of men from the train of artillery. These early gunners were unusual in one way – they wore red coats rather than the blue worn after 1722.


The Independent Companies were composed of officers and soldiers sent from Britain and not raised locally. Unlike the other units of the army that each had distinctive uniform colors, regiment dependent, they would have worn Royal Livery colors, that is to say red coats faced blue. Commanders were responsible for clothing, arming and equipping their soldiers. Each company would have been equipped and clothed as any other company for the time it was raised. This being a time of great transition in weapons and equipment and there being no uniform pattern for clothing and equipment, there is likely to have been a good deal of variation between the companies at different locations not to mention the differences between the equipment of “old timers” and new replacements. When the initial issue was worn out, it was expected that the colony, officers or soldiers would replace it. The likelihood that such replacement occurred with any degree of regularity is low, given multi-year long delays in soldier and officer pay and colonies already feeling over taxed by the British government. Equipment and style of uniform was a function of when a company deployed from England and when or if it was re-supplied and re-equipped.

An Independent Company organization had 50-100 soldiers with one Captain, one to two Lieutenants, three sergeants, three corporals and 2 drummers. There is no mention in the literature of pike being used, only muskets. Once a soldier came over with an Independent Company they rarely went back to Britain. They either died, as large numbers did, due more to conditions than combat, or retired and settled where they had been sent, subject to recall at any time. Officers did find their way back to Britain on occasion, but staying in the colonies allowed advancement for those without the requisite family connections, due to death and or retirement of superiors. A lack of family connections would have been likely to land officers in the Independent Companies to begin with. Sergeants from regular regiments, as opposed to “gentlemen,” were even known to have been offered and accepted commissions in the Independent Companies during the reign of Queen Anne. These were not prestigious postings for ambitious officers.

Why volunteer for service in an Independent Company half a world away? Some soldiers didn’t, but were forced to go as punishment for desertion and other crimes. Others were from “broken” disbanded regiments and wished to remain soldiers. Some were doubtless told they would receive their past due pay if they continued to serve.

The army underwent a major draw down in 1697 with the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick leading to a 60% reduction of an army of 87,500 men. A total of 1500 officers were put on half pay. The Independent Companies were an opportunity to continue to serve, and many chose to.

The mission of the Independent Companies was colonial defense as well as to augment and support offensive operations. The Independent Companies manned garrisons and forts, served as leadership cadre as well as trainers for militia forces, and served as marines for Royal Navy and Privateer vessels that needed them. Soldiering in the Independent Companies no doubt became a part time job, situation and location dependent, allowing for casual labor and taking up outside trades. Unlike soldiers in mobile regiments, these soldiers became permanent members of the community where they were stationed.


1689-1712 One Independent Company
1694-97 Gibson’s Foot (28th) (red/yellow)
1699 Queen Dowager’s Foot- Selwyn’s (2nd) (red/green)
xxx River’s Foot (6th)
1713-17 Four Independent Companies
1717-20 Phillip’s Foot (40th)



27 Sept. 1809

Francis Bradbury, JP
(sworn before)


Report on Mr. William Miller in account with J. & M. Neave

Map of Jugglers Cove, Running Brook and Mercers Cove for article above:

1617 Birth year of “Treworgye John(1), Mr., merchant, Kittery, ag. 33 in Mar. 1650-1, appar. here 5 May 1636 when Thomas Bradbury, agent for Sir F. Gorges, deeded to Edw. Johnson for use of J. T. of Dartmouth 500 a. described in Y. D. 1: 11. In 1678 Mr. Johnson depos. that the land was purch. by J. T. as Mr. Alexander Shapleigh’s agent and for A. S.’s sole use. Bondsman for Mr. Thomas Spencer at Saco ct. in Feb. 1636-7, and appar. here steadily until ±1651.

Island Cove Branch

The Island Cove line seems to have started when Isaac and Jane Hussey moved there from Bay Roberts. marriages:

27 Nov 1782 Isaac Bradbury Jane Hussey HG St Paul
26 Nov 1827 Isaac Bradbury Isabella Mercer of Island Cove William   Mercer, Henry Mercer HG St   Paul
28 Nov 1827 Thomas Bradbury of Island Cove Sarah Jones of Island Cove Henry   Mercer, James Osborne HG St   Paul


Bradbury Abraham Isaac   & Jane 24 Sep 1783 Bay   Roberts HG st Paul’s
Bradbury Isaac Isaac   & Jane 12 Jun 1808 25 May   1801 UpperIsland Cove 25 May   1801 HG st Paul’s
Bradbury Nathaniel Thomas   & Sarah 24 Oct 1835 5 May   1835 Island   Cove 5 May   1835 HG st Paul’s
Bradbury John Isaac   & Isabella 5 Feb 1838 15 May   1837 Island   Cove 15 May   1837 HG st Paul’s

1832 voters:

Bradbury Thomas UpperIsland Cove
Bradbury Isaac UpperIsland Cove

Thomas and Sarah seemed to Have moved to St John’s. Possibly their sons were in Blackhead, St John’s. See below. Burials:

Thomas BRADBURY St     Johns 87 yrs June    15 1869
Sarah BRADBURY St         Johns 69 yrs June    18 1869

In 1871 an Isaac and William appear in the directory but the family seems to move thereafter.

Harbour Grace Branch:

Check HG RC records as well

Bradbury landholdings in Harbour Grave in 1800

will of Isaac Bradbury of Harbour Grace – 1811

Blackhead, St John’s Branch and Torbay Branch:

Some records from The Catholic Basilica of St John the Baptist

Elias Bradbury 2

(Elias John sometimes recorded as John)

BlackHead 1871

Elias in HG district:

Martin Healey and Catherine  Bradbury?

HEALY Sarah Mary 2-Feb 1871 Martin Healy Catherine Bradbury William Canning Mary Power
October 29, 1858 Healy, Peter Healy, Martin Bradbury, Catherine Robert Connell, Mary Healy Robert Brennan

St John’s Cathedral burials

Nov    22 1845 Edward BRADBURY 74 yrs of this parish Candidate: married 1815 to Jane   Harvey of Portugal Cove.
Jan    22 1846 Matthew BRADBURY 18 yrs St     Johns
Fanny BRADBURY St     Johns 10 yrs Dec    16 1866
Thomas BRADBURY St     Johns 87 yrs June    15 1869 Candidate: married 1827 Harbour   Grace Ang to Sarah Jones
Sarah BRADBURY St     Johns 69 yrs June    18 1869 Candidate: nee Jones, married   1827 Harbour Grace Ang to Thomas Bradbury.
Nathaniel BRADBURY 1 yr Nov    15 1875
John BRADBURY Apr    18 1798

HG records

28 Nov 1827 Thomas Bradbury of Island Cove  B   ca 1882 Sarah Jones of Island Cove B CA 1800 Henry   Mercer, James Osborne HG St   Paul
Bradbury Nathaniel Thomas   & Sarah 24 Oct 1835 Island   Cove 5 May   1835 HG st Paul’s

From St John’s Cathedral…..

William & Catherine
widow Bolyn
b May 25 1850
St. Johns
bap June 9 1850
Elias & Catherine
b July 27 1850
BlackHeadBay near St Johns
bap Aug 4 1850
William & Catherine
widow Bolyn
b Nov __ 1851
BlackHeadBay, St Johns
bap Nov 23 1851
Married 1849
Nov 14 1849
St. Johns
bach, St Johns
Katherine BOLYN
widow, St Johns
Nathaniel Salters, Margaret Bradbury

St Thomas. St   John’s

Sarah BRADBERRY (BRADBURY) John & Caroline Oct    10 1865 St.     Johns Oct    21 1865 fisherman
Mary Elizabeth BRADBURY John & Caroline Apr    3 1871 St.     Johns Apr    9 1871 laborer
Julia Ann BRADBURY John & Caroline Jan    24 1872 St.     Johns June    6 1872 laborer
John Francis BRADBURY John & Caroline Jul    20 1875 St.     Johns Nov    7 1875 laborer

plus more……

Catherine BRADBERRY (BRADBURY) John & Catherine June    1 1873 St.     Johns Aug    3 1873 laborer


This family is in Torbay not too far from Blackhead.

Hold and run your cursor over blacked out sections – or print?

a will

1845 “will of Jonathan Bradbury of Torbay V.1, Folio 485, 1846 Very hard to read, appears to be written in 1845 and witnessed by John Brine. He departed this life the eighth day of July last according to a petition by his widow Hanah. She mentions John Brine as executor when she petitions the court for control of the estate. She cannot write.. In the will its self Jonathan calls himself Jonathan Bradbury Sn. He refers to his House, Fishing Rooms, and land in Torbay, all bequeathed to his wife. At her decease his fishing room in —— Cove is to go to his grandsons Jonathan Bradbury and Jacob Bradbury. The fishing room called Tilley’s Room is to go to June ? Bradbury and John Bradbury. The son of his late son John. Something about the rest split in five equal share to his daughter Ellen, daughter Sarah Chancey , grandsons Jonathan and Jacob and wife. John is not yet 21. Appoints John Brine of St. John’s executor. signed by chief clerk Feb. 24, 1846 below is a transcription from Carl F. Galeana <> “In the name of God amen, I Jonathon Bradbury senior of Torbay in the island of Newfoundland, being at this time weak in body but sound in mind, do hereby will and bequeath my houses, land, fishing rooms and all other property I may die possessed of in Torbay aforesaid to my beloved wife Anna(Hannah Cox) Bradbury for her sole use during the term of her natural life; and after her decease I do bequeath my fishing room in Green’s (Tapper’s) Cove to my Grandson’s Jonathon Bradbury and Jacob Bradbury(they were the sons of his son Jonathon); and my fishing room called Tilly’s room to George Bradbury and John Bradbury, the sons of my late son John (This son was married to Catherine Ryan in 1833), provided that my aforementioned grandson’s Jonathon and Jacob shall have the use of “Tilly’s Room” till George and John Bradbury arrive at the age of 21 years. And the rest of my property I do hereby will to be divided into four equal portions. One for my daughter Ellen (she never married and sold her portion later), another for my daughter Sarah Chauncey (Chancey, and her husband is fairly active I believe in the sale of Ellen’s piece), a third for my Grandsons the before aforementioned Jonathon and Jacob, and the forth share for my before named Grandson’s, George and John. Jonathon and Jacob to have the use of the share bequeathed to George and John till they, the said George and John arrive at the age of 21 years. And I do appoint Mr. John Brine senior (solicitor?) of St. John’s the sole executor of this, my last will and testament in testimony where of, I have herewith set my hand and seal at Torbay aforesaid this 5th day of July in the year of our lord 1845. Jonathon Bradbury, his X mark- signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us, Thomas F.H. Bridge, Mary Anthony, her X mark. I do certify that the executori and publication of the within will was on the 24th day of February A.D. 1846, duly proved in solemn form by the witnesses Thomas F.H. Bridge and Mary Anthony before all the judges in chambers and the same approved and ordered to be registered. E.M. Archibald, Chief Clerk Registrar, Superior Court *He had two other daughters, Johanna and Dorothy. They were the oldest, Johanna married John De La Poore (John Power) and received land years before from Jonathon and Dorothy married Stephen Lambert in 1816. *Carl

July 24, 1835 “Chancey, Lionel J.R., eldest son of late J.L.L. Chancey, and Bradbury, Sarah, youngest dau of Jonathon Bradbury, were married at Wesleyan Methodist Chapel by Rev. Smithies. July 24/1835L” Gert Crosbie BooksGail L. Smith

July 24, 1835 “7. Sarah Anne Bradbury (Jonathon ). Sarah married Lionel Thomas Robert Chancey, son of John Lloyd Lilly Chancey and Martha Robert, on 24 Jul 1835 in Wes. Meth. Chapel-Smithies. Lionel was born 29 Nov 1813 in St. John’s, Newfoundland and was christened 4 Mar 1814 in Cathedral St. John the Baptist-St. John’s. They had the following children: 18 F i Mary Ann Touzou Chancey

From: “Lorne Collins” < Subject: Re: Bradbury Date: Sun, 3 May 1998 10:33:04 -0300

Patsy, in W. Gordon Handcock’s book “So longe as there comes noe women”, it refers to the Bradbury family on page 108-110:“As Table 5.4 shows, surname continuity in St. John’s differed little from the smaller harbours nearby, though these harbours were among the earliest used by the English summer fishermen and bye boat keepers, and some of the earliest to be settled. The only two surnames showing a century’s longevity were Chafe at Petty Harbour, and Earle in the Bell Island/Portugal Cove district. Not only were the 1794-95 residents (the heads of families)overwhelmingly of first generation immigrant derivation, but also there were, among the “native-born”, few patrilineally extended families. In Petty Harbour, only the Angel, Chafe, and French families, in TORBAY the Goss and BRADBURY surnames, and on Bell Island Kent and Squires, each represented by two “occupiers” or more, might qualify as probably extended(Table 5.4)”.note – “occupiers” refers to occupiers of fishing rooms. Table 5.4 entitled “Surname Linkages in the St. John’s District Between 1705 and 1794-95 shows that in Torbay there were 7 unique surnames of native-born in 1794-95, there 0 in Torbay that match in 1705-08, and it identifies BRADBURY and Goss as 2 “probable extended families” in 1794-5.
Susan Snelgrove
An early connection to the Garland family from Bill Garland here:
 Bay Roberts history:
Spaniards Bay to HG History:
Early Albeagan reference:
1617 Birth year of “Treworgye John(1), Mr., merchant, Kittery, ag. 33 in Mar. 1650-1, appar. here 5 May 1636 when Thomas Bradbury, agent for Sir F. Gorges, deeded to Edw. Johnson for use of J. T. of Dartmouth 500 a. described in Y. D. 1: 11. In 1678 Mr. Johnson depos. that the land was puch. by J. T. as Mr. Alexander Shapleigh’s agent and for A. S.’s sole use. Bondsman for Mr. Thomas Spencer at Saco ct. in Feb. 1636-7, and appar. here steadily until ±1651. In 1644 he held Nicholas Shapleigh’s p/a while S. went to Eng. Cor.j. 1647; tr.j. 1647. Having failed in a contract to deliver fish, he pledged Kit. prop. to Major Sedgwick (Y. D. 1: 3: 9); in 1649 ack. a transaction done for his uncle in Newb.; depos. in Boston 25 Oct. 1650, and of Dartmouth, depos. 19 Mar. 1650-1 ab. the -Prosperous- coming to N. E. ±1640 when he had been here ±5 yrs. In Apr. 1651 named on a Newfoundland commission, not seen here again except in Lists 72, 73, 78, 80, and was of Dartmouth in Apr. 1654. See also all references under (1). He m. Penelope Spencer (see 3, 4) 15 Jan. 164-, in Newb., where a s. John was rec. 12 Aug. 1649. Only other known ch: James.