In the parish of Harlestone, in Northamptonshire, a family of the name of Andrews, anciently established there, bears the same arms as those of Andros.
1 April 1721 (Received and read)
Edward Andrews, Samual Arpell, John Chafs, Henry Warn, John Churchwood, Arthur Liscum, Edmund Salsbary, Richard jackson, Azarias Cardett
Lords of Trade
Petition of the Inhabitants of Petty Harbour. They are sending the people guilty of murders to England for conviction. Mr Keen is sending them at his own cost.
Act of the Royal Court. 1711. Merchant Taxes for Deputies’ expenses.
The 28th day of February, 1711, before the Lieut.-Bailiff, in the presence of Pierre Martin, Helier Bonamy, Thomas Fiot[t], Charles Andros, James Careye, Jean Andros, and Nicolas Tho[u]mes, Jurats. (acting on the commission)
Amias Andros and Sir Edmund, his son.
- Edmund Andros (1637-1714) of Guernsey, colonial administrator governor of the Dominion of New England in America
looks like the family was judging the prizes of privateers:
Sir George Carteret; They were clearly violating International Law as they practiced initially without the necessary Letter of Marque. In December of 1644, the King regularized their status by appointing Carteret “Vice-Admiral in the islands of Guernsey, Jersey, Sark, Alderney, and the maritime parts adjacent.”
It was not until 1689 that Privateering became internationally recognized when William III repudiated the neutral status of the Channel Islands which had been conferred by a Papal Bull of Sixtus IV in 1483 and allowed Letters of Marque to be issued to any person whose property had been seized by an enemy in order that they might have some chance of recouping their losses. Prizes had to be brought back to the privateer’s port of registration where they were the subject of an Admiralty Prize Court where an Admiralty judge decided whether the boat and its cargo were lawful prizes. In Jersey, the Old Court House in St Aubin is generally thought to be the venue for one court. Later on commissions were issued to vessels authorizing their owners to attack and plunder the King’s enemies during wartime.
The present fief of d’Anneville was doubtless named after
Sampson, and may have been conferred upon him : it is
situate in the parish of St. Sampson, and is the noblest tenure
in Guernsey. The seigneur ranks after the clergy, and is
bound, when the king visits the island, to attend him as his
esquire. After various changes, the fief appears to have
been sold by king Henry III. to William de Cheney, and
was inherited by his descendant, Edmond de Cheney, warden
of these islands in 1366 : it afterwards descended by mar-
riage into the family of Willoughby, and continued m their
possession until 1509, in which year it was sold to Nicholas
Fachion, gentleman usher to Henry VIII. The fief con-
tinued some years in the family of Fachion, long extinct in
Guernsey, and then passed into that of Andros, in whose
possession it now is.
The fief d’Anneville, which was first acquired in 1659, by the marriage of
Charles Andros, the uncle of Sir Edmund, with Alice, the daughter and sole
heiress of Thomas Fachion,
Mr. Amias Andros, of Saumarez, bailiff of the said island, Edmond Andros, son of the said Amias, Charles Andros, brother of the said Amias,
Sir Edmund Andros was a gentleman of high influ-
ence, and enjoyed the marked favours of the govern-
ment, to an extent, indeed, which would not be
tolerated in modern times. For this influence he was
doubtless, in some measure, indebted to the loyalty of
his father, Amias, who was marshal of the ceremonies
to Charles the First, in 1632, and shared as well in
the troubles of this unfortunate monarch as in the
exile of his son and successor. Moreover, two of
Amias’s brothers, officers in the army, were slain,
one in the service of the King of Bohemia, son-in-law
of James the First of England ; and the other during
the civil wars. Amias Andros was appointed bailiff
of Guernsey at the period of the coronation of Charles
the Second, in Scotland, in 1651, but he entered into
office only in 1661, after the restoration. Sir Edmund
succeeded his father as bailiff in 1674, being ap-
pointed for life, with power to nominate a lieutenant-
bailiff, and he conferred that office on his uncle,
Charles Andros, esq., seigneur of the fief d’Anneville.
During his eventful career, Sir Edmund was first
governor of New York ; next governor of New Eng-
land, New York, and New Jersey ; and lastly gover-
nor of Virginia.* He was a colonel of dragoons, and
was knighted in 1681. Queen Anne constituted Sir
Edmund lieutenant-governor of the island ; and that
he might the better attend to the duties of this latter
situation, she dispensed with his executing the office
of bailiff during the time that he acted as lieutenant-
Sir Edmond died childless and by his will bequeathed Alderney to his nephew,
George Andros, whose death in the same year was shortly followed by that of his only
child in 1721
The Guernsey family of Andros was remarkable for its attachment to the Stuarts.
23.4.1743. Charles Andros for his wife Rachel de Garis pays to the heirs of Rachel de
Garis, wife of Thomas (“de la Couture”) Le Mesurier
More on the family here:
Commander: Samuel Pariollo.
Burden: 20 tons.
Owners: John Renouf of Guernsey and Thomas Andros.
Lieutenant: Peter Herrival.
Master: John Goboit.
Boatswain: Michael le Pettevin.
Gunner: Robert Richards.
Carpenter: Peter du Pacque.
Doctor: Peter Renoudin.
Cook: Peter Dupré.
Armament: 4 guns.
|Date:||1696 June 10|
Commander: John Jarzee. (de Jersey?)
Burden: 50 tons.
Owners: William Mangier, Elias Monamy and Thomas Halla of Guernsey, merchants.
Lieutenant: James Bonamy.
Gunner: Thomas Penham.
Boatswain: Peter Seaman.
Carpenter: Matthew Andros.
Cook: John Robertson.
Armament: 8 guns.
|Date:||1710 September 4|
Commander: Elias de la Roche.
Burden: 25 tons.
Owners: Thomas le Mesurier, Nicholas le Pelley, John Winn, Leonard le Mesurier, John Tomes, John Tupper, Thomas Andrews and Thomas Burnett.
Lieutenant: John Man.
Master: Philip Cartwright.
Boatswain: Andrew Smith.
Gunner: Roger Wilmott.
Carpenter: John Jones.
Doctor: Richard Brown.
Cook: James Wild.
Armament: 6 guns.
|Date:||1697 April 21|
Seale 0063 Charles Hayne to John Seale 14 Feb. 1737
Received 2 letters from J.S. Hoped the Porter had come, given into Jewell’s charge to go on Capt. Andrews’ ship. J.S.asked if he still wanted gun, coffee cups by Revee’s